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Action Regulation

Let me analyze your piano for improvements in touch and tone. Both the function and the sound, work together to produce the pleasant playability for you enjoyment.

I can completely restore your piano to its full potential.

The piano action mechanics are designed to work efficiently. Often with time the parts fall out of adjustment making it difficult to control the touch and response from the key to the string.

It may be more affordable than you think to return your piano to its responsive self.You can immediately start enjoying your piano the way it was meant to be.

It doesn't need to be a concert grand piano. With some exceptions I can work with the piano that you have.

Tone Voicing

Also the relationship of the hammer and string is important. With delicate adjustments I can allow the hammers to strike the strings evenly and then to treat the hammer with reshaping, alignment and needling the felt to enhance the tone production.


-Player Piano Rebuilding

-Pump Organ Rebuilding (Reed Organ-Harmonium)

-Harpsicord Tuning, Servicing, Rebuilding & Repairs

-Installation of State of the Art Electronic Midi Player Systems into Your Accoustic Piano

-Historical keyboard instrument restoration

          Recent project: Square Fortepiano from 1773 :

This well preserved piece of history has been in the owner's family since the 1930's. It was kept merely as a piece of furniture. The instrument was complete and in remarkable condition considering the age. When moved to my shop it was not playable as the soundboard had long ago  colapsed. The hammer action was intact as was most of the rest of the mechanism, keys and keyframe.

Upon dissassembly it was determined to be in good enough condtion to restore to playability. Care was taken to document and observe all the parts and components. Once it was apart and cleaned it was possible to reassemble the soundboard for re-installation.

In the mechanism there were 3 areas of function that involve, originally, what was determined to be Whale Baleen. The key levers had a small "pin" of baleen on the rear end to guide it in a cooresponding slot in the back of the key cavity. The damper levers were lifted by small thin lengths of baleen guided down to the rear-most end of the key lever. The damper levers were also fitted with small strips of baleen as springs to return and hold the damper against the string. As there were many of these components missing an alternative was required to replace the missing pieces. It was determined that buffalo/bison horn would have similar properties to serve this function. This was obtained, fashioned and installed.

The keytop of the white keys are ivory and black sharp ebony (as far as can be dertermined).

Many of the original strings were still in place. However, since the soundboard had colapse there was no tension on any of the strings.

The soundboard was carfully reassembled. The cracks were resecured with natural fish glue. There was no splining or shimming to fill these cracks. Instead it was decided that the cracks would not affect the sound. The board was re installed; the strings re-inserted with the original tuning pins. Many of the brass string failed to stretch to pitch; breaking in the process. New red and yellow brass string wire was installed as matched. There were six notes with original wound strings. The core of these were of yellow brass wrapped with copper.

The action and damper mechanism was serviced to restore proper function. The primitive "bump" escapement design required very little adjustment. The damper felt squares, which are extremely small, have been preserved as much as possible.


Much history and information was kindly supplied by Square Pianos website and the owner Michael Cole In England. The History and information for this company is very limited as there is only one other such named instrument known to be in exhistance. More information can be obtained from Mr Cole's website.